The League and other prohibition groups have opposed alcohol consumption for a variety of reasons. Some associated alcohol with the prohibition movement, also known as the Dry Crusade, continued into the 1840s, led by Pietist religious denominations, particularly methodists. At the end of the 19th century, the abstinence movement expanded its scope from abstinence to all behaviors and institutions related to alcohol consumption. Preachers such as the Reverend Mark A. Matthews associated the liquor distributor`s saloons with political corruption.  The Eighteenth Amendment is the result of decades of efforts by the abstinence movement, which believed that banning the sale of alcohol would alleviate poverty and other societal problems. The Eighteenth Amendment made it illegal to produce, transport, and sell intoxicating spirits, although it did not prohibit the actual consumption of alcohol. Shortly after the amendment was ratified, Congress passed the Volstead Act to ensure federal enforcement of the ban. The Volstead Act states that alcohol, wine and beer are all considered intoxicating spirits and are therefore prohibited. Under the conditions of the Eighteenth Amendment, the ban began on January 17, 1920, one year after the amendment was ratified. In addition to electoral prohibition, alcohol is freely sold to people who are over the legal drinking age.
In the late 1920s, Americans spent more money than ever on black market alcohol. New York City had more than 30,000 speakeasies, and Detroit`s liquor trade ranked second only to the auto industry for its contribution to the economy. With the country mired in the Great Depression, anti-prohibition activists have argued that the potential savings and tax revenues from alcohol are too valuable to ignore. The audience agreed. According to Franklin D. Roosevelt, during the 1932 presidential campaign, he called for repeal, he won the election in a landslide victory. Prohibition died a year later when a majority of states ratified the 21st Amendment, which repealed the 18th. In New Orleans, the decision was honored with 20 minutes of solemn cannon fire. Roosevelt would have marked the opportunity by lowering a dirty martini. Some research suggests that alcohol consumption has decreased significantly due to prohibition.  Rates of liver cirrhosis, alcoholic psychosis and infant mortality have also decreased.    The impact of the ban on crime and violence rates is controversial.    Nevertheless, every year it was deployed, it lost supporters and reduced government tax revenues at a critical time before and during the Great Depression.  Prohibition has had only limited success in New Zealand because it has led to organized smuggling, as in other countries. New Zealand`s most famous smuggled liquor was made in the Hokonui Hills near the town of Gore (which is not by chance the closest big town to Invercargill). Even today, the term “Hokonui” conjures up images of illegal whisky in many New Zealanders.  Shortly after the eighteenth amendment was passed, there was a significant decline in alcohol consumption among the public and particularly among low-income groups. There were fewer hospitalizations for alcoholism and also fewer liver-related medical problems. However, consumption increased rapidly when underworld contractors began producing “red-good” alcohol, which was full of dangerous diseases.  [Verification failed].
With the advent of self-distilled alcohol, negligent distillation resulted in the death of many citizens. During the ban, more than 10,000 deaths can be attributed to wood alcohol poisoning (methanol).  In the end, however, alcohol consumption and abuse remained much lower during prohibition than at the beginning.  The Roaring Twenties and the Prohibition period are often associated with uncontrolled alcohol consumption and abuse, but the statistics tell a different story. According to a study conducted by the M.I.T. and Boston University economists in the early 1990s, alcohol consumption even dropped by 70 percent in the early years of the “noble experiment.” Levels rose dramatically in the late 1920s as support for the bill waned, but they remained 30 percent below their pre-Prohibition levels several years after the passage of the 21st Amendment. In Venezuela, twenty-four hours before any election, the government prohibits the sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages throughout the national territory, including the restriction to all vendors, liquor stores, supermarkets, restaurants, wineries, pubs, bars, public entertainment, clubs and all establishments that sell alcoholic beverages.  The Volstead Act contained interesting exceptions to the prohibition on the distribution of alcohol.
Sacramental wine was still allowed for religious purposes (the number of dubious rabbis and priests quickly skyrocketed), and pharmacies were allowed to sell “medical whiskey” to treat everything from toothache to the flu. With a doctor`s prescription, “patients” could legally buy a pint of alcohol every ten days. .